Danny Schechter : Mummies and Dummies in Egypt

Cartoon from The English Blog.

Mummies and dummies:
The Egyptian crisis will only get deeper
thanks to lurking economic disaster

By Danny Schechter / The Rag Blog / February 9, 2011

The African journalist Nathanial Manheru chose a quote from French icon Andre Malraux’s Anti-Memoirs to understand current events in Egypt: “It is in Egypt that we are reminded that (man) invented the tomb.”

The tomb may be the appropriate metaphor not only for wannabe President-for-forever Hosni Mubarak but also for the 30-plus year neocolonial economic system that he has presided over. Not surprisingly, Frank Wisner Jr, the former U.S. Ambassador and son of a CIA dirty tricksters, wants the President to stick around — in the country’s interest, of course.

And Western countries are now aligning with the people in the suites — not the streets. So much for the bottom-up democracy that President Obama has appeared to support. We want freedom there — but we can wait!

What’s next for Egypt?

The 82 year old President seems stuck in the final stages of his own mummification. At the same time we might consider the decisions he ratified that in a sense “dummified” the world.

  • He didn’t appear to have seen the crisis coming in the same way so-called “intelligence” agencies from the CIA to the Mossad missed it too. as they had the Iranian Revolution before it, and as the wise men of finance missed the financial crisis.
  • He hasn’t paid attention to Egypt’s imploding economy, firing an internationally respected finance mister and replacing him with Samir Radwan who is expected to turn the economy around miraculously amidst the chaos and uncertainty.
  • He reacted with a series of self-defeating (and country-destroying) measures from shutting down the Internet and crippling commerce to sending in an army of thugs that revealed just how brutal his critics insisted he always was. Not only is Mubarak still in power but his secret police, the Mukhabarat, are torturing away.
  • His violent overreaction against the world media — the arrests and clubbing of journalists in public — insured more coverage, not less, and made certain that the world would be glued to the dramatic confrontation — the very thing TV cameras live for — as Egypt showcased its own Superbowl of confrontation.

We all saw these events despite the efforts to muzzle the media.

But another scene went largely unseen: the crippling of Egypt’s economy that may prove to be more dangerous for the country’s future.

While Mubarak did not depart on the demonstrators’ stated “day of departure,” something else did — currency and investments. It’s been estimated that the country is losing $310 million a day, and that already adds up to several billion dollars.

Stock Market Digital reports that Egyptians and foreign investors have transferred hundreds of millions, much of it to South East Asia or Australia. Its’ assets are at risk, says John Sfakianakis, chief economist at Banque Saudi Fransi. “If it does fail to compress this rioting situation the assets might get depleted soon enough.”

All of this has had a global impact, too, with stock markets battered worldwide and crude prices going up. Many experts fear a run on the banks when they reopen. It is significant that foreign interests now own more than half of Egypt’s banks. They were to open Sunday but fears of a bank run kept most closed. The Egyptian pound was down at its lowest level since 2005.

Former Goldman Sachs managing director Nomi Prins writes about this banking sector:

From 2004 to 2008, as the world economic crisis was being stoked by the U.S. banking system and its rapacious toxic asset machine, Mubarak’s regime was participating in a different way. Mubarak wasn’t pushing subprime loans onto Egyptians; instead, he was embarking on an economic strategy that entailed selling large pieces of Egypt’s banks to the highest international bidder. The result was a veritable grab-fest of foreign bank takeovers in the heart of Cairo…

Egypt attracted $42 billion worth of foreign capital into its borders, as one of the top investment “destinations” in the Middle East and Africa. “Hot” money entry was made easy, with no restrictions on foreign investment or repatriation of profits, and no taxes on dividends, capital gains or corporate bond interest…

Not surprisingly, those foreign speculation strategies didn’t bring less poverty or more jobs either. Indeed, the insatiable hunt for great deals, whether by banks, hedge funds, or private equity funds, as it inevitably does, had the opposite effect.

She reveals that Goldman Sachs invested in a major real estate company for the luxury market with millions living on $2 a day.

Now, a financial crisis threatens.

Reuters reports optimistically:

An exodus of foreign investors would probably be manageable. The central bank says its official reserves are $36 billion. Additional assets held with commercial banks — regarded as unofficial reserves — are estimated at around $20 billion. Before the crisis, foreigners held just 7 percent of Egypt’s total public debt, equivalent to a little over $11 billion.

The bigger worry is if Egyptians also take fright. The rich could decide to shift their money into gold, dollars, or overseas markets. The poor, many of whom are relatively new to banking, may choose to stash their life savings under mattresses instead, There is a serious danger of out of control inflation, Robin Amlot, managing editor of Banker Middle East, says people are starting to “run out of the basics, which will feed into inflation.”

Moody’s Investors Service has downgraded Egypt’s government bond ratings to Ba2 from Ba1. Its outlook went to negative from stable. This will cost the country a significant amount of money.

Why is this happening? Clearly, financial institutions put their own interests before the public interest. The U.S. government may want to stabilize Egypt but the private sector and Wall Street have no compunction about destabilizing it if they think that is the best way to profit.

World Bank President Robert Zoellick admitted to a conference in Germany that rising unemployment and food prices are critical to “the instability in the region.” He did not discuss how World Bank policies had made conditions worse over the years.

Mumbarak’s model of economic growth had helped fund a small middle class without dealing with persistently high unemployment, rising food prices, inflation, and deepening poverty.

Canada’s CTV reports that

one-in-five Egyptians lives below the poverty line with little hope of rising above it as unemployment hovers around 10 percent. And those with jobs can do little to combat inflation soaring at a rate of more 12 percent a year.

Egyptian-born Montrealer Mohamed Kamel says when you factor in his homeland’s inadequate healthcare and a neglected education system combined with a rampant culture of corruption it’s easy to see where the frustration is coming from.

The Guardian reports that one person who has not suffered from these policies is none other than Hosni Mubarak.

President Hosni Mubarak’s family fortune could be as much as $70bn (£43.5bn) according to analysis by Middle East experts, with much of his wealth in British and Swiss banks or tied up in real estate in London, New York, Los Angeles, and along expensive tracts of the Red Sea coast.

These problems and inequalites have long been urgent issues in Egypt, but in the last weeks they were overshadowed by the high-profile protests to oust the president. These economic issues have been almost invisible in the world media but will not be easily resolved with or without Mubarak.

The West now wants to put the brakes on the campaign to oust what many consider a modern Pharaoh. They want to replace him with someone like him. But as the Lebanese editor Rami Khouri puts it, “Just changing generals is not freedom.”

Any real revolution inevevitibly demands a transformation — not just a transfer of power of the strong man at the top. The Egyptian people’s fight for political and economic justice has a long way to go.

[“News Dissector” Danny Schechter is a journalist, author, Emmy award winning television producer, and independent filmmaker. Schechter directed Plunder: The Crime of Our Time, and a companion book, The Crime of Our Time: Why Wall Street Is Not Too Big to Jail. Contact him at dissector@mediachannel.org.]

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2 Responses to Danny Schechter : Mummies and Dummies in Egypt

  1. “with no restrictions on foreign investment or repatriation of profits, and no taxes on dividends, capital gains or corporate bond interest…”

    Once more proving Karl Marx right and Adam Smith WRONG.

    But we’re not supposed to notice that the Invisible Hand repeatedly fails, or in the lingo of Reaganomics “market corrections”..

    Or that the “corrections” done by the Invisible Hand only benefit the Very Rich, the people who starve and die waiting for the capital economy to correct itself are the poorest.

    But it’s our fault because we failed to invest back most of our “assets” as in the slave wages also prescribed by the Smith Invisible Hand into the stock market. After paying out of our own pockets the difference between what we’re paid and what it costs to produce our labor.

    Capitalists are the only ones privileged to sell their products and services at a profit margin, Labor is forbidden to do so, and in Texas, if we organize to negotiate any such adjustment, we have the Police State apparatus turned loose on us.

    Same in Colorado, same in Egypt.
    Maybe if some of our usual correspondents from the Far Right Wing Lunatic Fringe could demonstrate why Organized Labor is Organized Crime but Organized Systemic and Systematic forced compliance with Capitalist Doctrine-cum-National and International policies isn’t.

    They love to cite the number of RICO complaints filed against Unions but fail to point out that the vast majority of them are dropped, and fail also to point out that in a “justice” system geared only to serve the Very Rich and the workers be damned, Corporate Thieves and Murderers like Halliburton and BP and ExxonMobil and Massey Energy never get RICO or any other criminal charges filed against them. If, as Massey did in W. VA, Union activists killed 29 of The Super Rich, we’d be charged not only with RICO but outright terrorism. Same with BP and their 11 murders on the Deepwater Horizon rig, or Halliburton with their 7000+ u.S. soldiers and a literally uncounted number of foreign nationals killed in their War For Profit.

    The same War that demands “stability” in Egypt.

  2. Only for the Rag Blogs resident loose cannon would the mining deaths in West Virginia or BP’s oil rig be corporate sanctioned murder. Workers in dangerous occupations suffer higher rates of work related fatal injuries. Duh. Jonah, you might want to check out some of the AFL CIO’s own facts. In 2008, while mining suffered 176 fatalities, there were also 106 deaths in the financial services industry. Perhaps you should launch a crusade against those slave driving local credit unions. There were 301 fatal injuries (nearly double the amount) in retail trades. Those Old Navy stores are death traps I tell you. Where is your tirade against Macys and Sears?

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