The Tragedy of Statelessness

Palestinian refugees in Iraq stuck in “Catch 22”
16 Mar 2007 15:32:27 GMT
Source: Reuters
By Ammar Alwan

TANAF, Iraq, March 16 (Reuters) – Hameda Um Firas has lived most of her 70-odd years as a refugee — now she is stranded in a tent again at Iraq’s border with Syria where hundreds of Palestinians have fled to escape violence in Baghdad.

“We escaped in fear of our lives. My granddaughter was decapitated by a missile attack and our sons were killed, we fled Iraq to spare our lives,” she said, barely able to contain tears of anger at Arab countries she said should be helping.

“We are living in a miserable state in this camp,” she said as children played in dusty lanes between white tents with clothes hanging to dry on the guy ropes.

A 25-year-old who gave only his first name, Alaa, fled to the camp at the Tanaf border crossing after gunmen killed one of his brothers. “All my family are separated now, I know nothing about my brothers and where they are,” he said.

Sectarian violence and bomb attacks are driving up to 50,000 Iraqis a month from their homes, according to the U.N. High Commission for Refugees (UNHCR), which says close to 2 million Iraqis are displaced within Iraq and another 2 million abroad.

UNHCR spokeswoman Astrid van Genderen Stort said there were around 34,000 Palestinians in Iraq in 2003, before the U.S. invasion that toppled Saddam Hussein, and around 15,000 remain.

The Palestinians came in three waves in 1948, 1967 and in the 1990s, and were given subsidised housing and the right to work — privileges compared to other refugees and a source of tension with some Iraqis forced out to make way for them.

Saddam gave them assistance and portrayed himself as a defender of the Palestinian cause.

While the numbers are relatively small, van Genderen Stort said the Palestinians were in a uniquely difficult situation because without passports they can not go to Syria, Jordan or other neighbouring countries where many Iraqis have fled.

“The difference with Palestinians is they have nowhere to go,” she said. “A lot of them have expired identity papers which the Iraqis are not extending because it’s not their priority.”

“They’re in a Catch-22. They’re targeted, they have death threats, they have these raids, but they can’t flee and when they flee they either have to do it illegally or they are stuck at the border,” she said.

Sunni Arab militant groups including al Qaeda have claimed some of the worst bomb attacks in Iraq, including many targeting Shi’ites, and foreign Arabs are viewed with deep suspicion by many Iraqis, particularly in Shi’ite areas.

“Palestinians are seen as insurgents or trouble makers … because they’re Sunnis,” said van Genderen Stort.


The UNHCR said on Friday it was “deeply disturbed” by a raid on Wednesday on a Baghdad compound housing Palestinians in which at least one Palestinian was killed and several more detained.

Interior Ministry spokesman Brigadier Abdul Karim Khalaf said the raid was in response to information a car bomb was in the complex. He said shooting broke out and three gunmen were killed and 25 arrested, including Iraqis and Palestinians.

Speaking on Al Hurra television, he rejected charges that Palestinians were deliberately targeted because of their nationality, saying that violence in Iraq was effecting everybody and the raid was based on specific intelligence.

UNHCR spokesman Ron Redmond said at a briefing in Geneva on Friday the Palestinians resisted the raid out of fear after months of being targeted by militias and other groups.

He said the UNCHR had reports of Palestinians forced to pay thousands of dollars to Iraqi security forces for protection from torture of family members in detention.

Iraq’s police force has been plagued by reports of infiltration by Shi’ite militias, though the Interior Ministry says it has recently taken steps to purge such elements.

The UNHCR said it was also concerned about non-governmental organisations working with Palestinians after a staff member of one group was abducted on Tuesday and found dead the next day.

Wednesday’s raid prompted at least 41 Palestinians to flee the capital to join around 850 others who have been stranded at the Syrian border since last May, the UNHCR said.

Abu Rami, who runs the refugee camp there, said tribal leaders in the mostly Sunni Arab western province of Anbar were helping support the refugees but they needed a place to go.

“We lived in Iraq as refugees and now we’re seeking a refuge in any country,” he said. “It’s difficult moving from refuge to refuge … we are just stuck here waiting for Arab states and the United Nations to help us.” (Additional reporting by Claudia Parsons in Baghdad)


Iraq: UNHCR deeply disturbed by security forces raid in Palestinian area
16 Mar 2007 10:45:22 GMT
Source: UNHCR

UNHCR is deeply disturbed by a raid conducted by the Iraqi security forces on Wednesday (14 March) in a Palestinian area in Baghdad. It left at least one Palestinian dead. Nine Palestinians are reportedly still in detention. Fifty-one people were reportedly detained initially, but released later. The raid prompted at least 41 other Palestinians to flee the capital, and they have joined 850 other Palestinians who have been stranded at the Iraq-Syria border since last May. More are expected to be on their way. Police forces and multinational forces have confirmed that the raid took place as part of the Baghdad security plan.

The dead man was a guard at one of the Baghdad mosques and reportedly suffered at least one gunshot to the head. UNHCR and other organisations have also received allegations of physical abuse and possibly torture being carried out in detention, an allegation denied by the Iraqi authorities. One ex-detainee reported he was beaten on his back and suffered a broken hand. He believed that others had been subjected to worse treatment.

The violence reportedly broke out when the Palestinians tried to resist the raid. They said they were frightened following months of being targeted by various groups. Several have been kidnapped, arrested and killed. They have often expressed concern about the lack of protection by the Iraqi security forces.

Recently, UNHCR has received reports that the families of several detained Palestinians have been forced to pay thousands of US dollars to some members of the Iraqi security forces – allegedly for protection from torture and mutilation of their family members while in detention. Higher sums have reportedly been demanded to ensure their release.

The Palestinians who arrived at the border claimed that their houses had been raided by the special forces, their furniture thrown out of their homes and that they were told they had two days to leave their homes. Others claimed they had been detained and maltreated before being released.

UNHCR is also very much concerned about the safety of NGOs working with the Palestinians. On 13 March one NGO staff dealing with the Palestinian community was abducted in front of his son by unknown men and found dead the next day.

UNHCR is working with crucial partners on the ground in Baghdad to get more information on those killed and the detained Palestinians as well as the NGO staff. At least 186 Palestinians have been confirmed murdered in Baghdad between April 2004 and January 2007. UNHCR believes the number may be significantly higher. Their enclaves in Baghdad have been the target of many militia attacks. Hundreds of Palestinian families have been evicted from their homes with nowhere to go, prevented from seeking refuge in neighbouring countries.

UNHCR continues to strongly urge the Iraqi authorities and multinational forces to provide protection to the extent possible to the Palestinian community in Baghdad and urgently appeals to countries in the region and outside to offer temporary relocation of Palestinian refugees from Iraq.


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